Categories
cancer Gastrointestinal Health Most Popular Symptoms

What You Should Know About Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), the lower part of the digestive system. Rectal cancer is cancer of the last several inches of the colon. Together, they’re often referred to as colorectal cancers.

Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called

Adenomatous polyps

Over time some of these polyps become cancerous. Polyps may be small and produce few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent cancer of colon by identifying polyps before they become colon cancer.

Signs and symptoms of this type of cancer include:

1. A change in bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of the stool
2. Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
3. Persistent abdominal discomfort such as cramps, gas, or pain
4. A feeling that the bowel doesn’t empty completely
5. Weakness or fatigue
6. Unexplained weight loss

Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they’ll likely vary, depending on cancer’s size and location in the large intestine.

If the symptoms of colon cancer are appearing, such as blood in the stool or a persistent change in bowel habits, make an appointment with your doctor. Talk to them about when to begin screening for colon cancer. Guidelines generally recommend cancer screenings begin at age 50. A doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier screening if there are other risk factors, such as a family history of the disease.

In most cases, it’s not clear what causes colon cancer. Doctors know that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the colon become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep the body functioning normally, but when a cell is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide — even when new cells aren’t needed. These cancer cells can invade and destroy normal tissue nearby and can travel to other parts of the body.

colon-cancer-symptoms

Colon cancer most often begins as clumps of precancerous cells (polyps) on the inside lining of the colon. Polyps can appear mushroom-shaped, or they can be flat or recessed into the wall of the colon. Removing polyps before they become cancerous can prevent colon cancer. Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer can be passed through families, but these inherited genes are linked to only a small percentage of colon cancers. Inherited gene mutations don’t make cancer inevitable, but they can increase an individual’s risk of cancer significantly.

Factors that may increase your risk of colon cancer include:

1.Older age. The great majority of people diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50. Colon cancer can occur in younger people, but it occurs much less frequently.

2. African-American race. African-Americans have a greater risk of colon cancer than people of other races.

3. A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps.

3.Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease

4. Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk.

5. The Family history of colon cancer and colon polyps.

6. Low-fiber, high-fat diet. Research in this area has had mixed results. Some studies have found an increased risk of colon cancer in people who eat diets high in red meat.

7. A sedentary lifestyle.

8. Diabetes. People with diabetes and insulin resistance may have an increased risk of colon cancer.

9. Obesity. People who are obese have an increased risk of colon cancer and an increased risk of dying of colon cancer when compared with people considered normal weight.

10. Smoking.

11. Heavy use of alcohol.

12. Radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers may increase the risk of colon cancer.

Increasing fiber, reducing alcohol use, quitting smoking, exercising a little more and losing the “spare tire” can help one avoid a wide variety of abdominal issues, including reducing the risk of colon cancer. If you or someone you know are experiencing any or a few of the symptoms mentioned before, it is time to see a doctor.

Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice

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By Khrystyana Kirton
Edited by Stephanie Dawson
Reviewed by Nima Shei MD

Categories
Health Benefits of Foods Most Popular weight loss

7 Unbelievable Things Chocolate Can Do For You

7 Unbelievable Things Chocolate Can Do For You

What Chocolate Can Do For You

By Divya Shree
Edited by Stephanie dawson
Reviewed By Nima Shei MD

Chocolate is usually liked by all age groups and genders. People and kids love chocolate to help keep fit and for its delicious taste. Chocolate can satisfy your sugar cravings and helps improve your overall health. Chocolate, especially dark, has many health benefits and it’s something that can help you maintain your fitness without extra effort. Here is what a chocolate can do for you:

1. Decreased stroke risk
A study in Sweden found that eating about 45 grams (2 bars) of dark chocolate per week can reduce the risk of stroke in women by almost 20%. Chocolate contains flavonoids which contain anti-oxidants that reduce stroke risk.

2. Improved mental function
A study in the UK found that 90 minutes after consuming dark chocolate or hot cocoa the mental function of participants improved. Scientists asked participants to count by skipping 3’s and 7’s. Participants who had cocoa showed better performance than those who did not. People in their 70’s often showed improvement in cognitive tests using chocolate.

3. Muscle Improvement
Chocolate syrup may help you recover broken muscle tissue after an intense workout. A study at Indiana University found that chocolates help reduce fatigue and increase endurance. The study was conducted on cyclists and those who had chocolate milk performed better in endurance and fatigue tests than those who did not.

4. Eradicate negative feelings
One study found that after two weeks of eating 1.5 ounce of chocolate daily there was a significant reduction in the stress hormones of participants. People who feel highly anxious also benefit from the chocolate and experience a drastic shift in their feelings. It was also found that the bacteria present in the gut became better at processing.

5. Improved good cholesterol
After one month of eating chocolate daily the ration of good cholesterol to bad cholesterol improves significantly. Studies have also found that chocolate makes the blood thinner which improves its flow inside the body.

chocolate_dipped_strawberries_620

6. Makes you thinner
It may sound surprising but chocolate can help you lose excess weight. Research at the University of California found that dark chocolate contains an interesting paradox that helps improve your metabolism by making you more sensitive to insulin, eating too much chocolate can make you gain weight because it is an energy-dense food. Consuming it in limited quantities and replacing other weight-loss foods with it is advisable.

7. Makes you live Longer
The second longest living person, Jeanne Calment, who lived for 122 years attributed chocolate as one reason behind her longevity. She stated she had 2.5 pounds of dark chocolate every week. Chocolate can improve your immune system which keeps many diseases away and help you remain healthy.

It should be noted the majority of chocolates we purchase are highly processed and high in sugar and calories. Replacing them with dark chocolate or liquid cocoa is important to obtain these benefits. Talking about Chocolate brands, I really like Madecasse, since they are a very small company in Madagascar and the chocolate comes directly from the farmers. The company is started by two Peace Corps volunteers in Madagascar and their products taste amazing. You can shop their products here on Amazon.com.

madecasse

Source 1Source 2Source 3Source 4 Image from Berries.com

Categories
Facts Facts Most Popular Skin Care

7 Things Your Hands Say About You

7 Things Your Hands Say About You

7 Things Your Hands Say About You
By PositiveMed-Team
Edited By Stephanie Dawson

Your fingers are an important part of your body, without them you would have a hard time with tasks like texting friends, chopping vegetables, working on a computer, holding things, balancing, or reading Braille. Your fingers are revealing, they reveal things about you and your health. Here are a few things you can learn about your body by looking at your hands, fingers, and palms:

Blotchy Red Palms

If your palm is getting red and remain so for a long period of time this can indicate palmar erythema, a sign of liver disease. This is a sign of nonalcoholic fatty liver. It should be noted that if you are pregnant its normal to have red palms due to increased blood flow. Show your hands to your doctor if you have red palms.

7 Things Your Hands Say About You

Swollen Fingers

If you notice swelling on your fingers and your rings won’t fit even after you shun the salt shaker and your period is not due this may indicate hypothyroidism, the underproduction of hormones by thyroid glands. These hormones help regulate your metabolism and keep your body functioning properly. See your doctor for a simple blood test.

Bony Outgrowths On Finger Joints

Bony outgrowths on finger joints can make it tough for your hands to function and make your fingers look deformed, it’s a sign of osteoarthritis. These are the nodules on the joint closest to your fingertips. As the side bones grow in size, the ends of bones rub together which stimulates growth of bone spurs. Physical therapy, heat or ice, rest, pain, and in severe cases surgery, can be done to treat it.

Finger Length

The length of your fingers can tell a lot about your condition. After a study conducted in 2008, it was published in Arthritis and Rheumatism that women who have ring fingers longer than their index finger are most likely to suffer from osteoarthritis, this physical indication is more prevalent in males. Long index fingers indicate higher chances of breast cancer in women and lower chances of prostate cancer in men.

Thick & Rounded Fingertips

If your fingertips are thick and rounded, or clubbed, this is telling you about health issues of your heart and lungs. The level of oxygen in your body can drop if the circulatory system is impaired. With time it causes the soft tissues of the fingertip pads to grow resulting in thick fingertips. Make sure to discuss it with your doctor.

The-Human-Hand-infographic

Categories
detox health posters Health Videos Liver Most Popular

Liver Detox Foods

Have you been hard on your liver lately? Maybe you just want to rid your body of built up toxins from years of living in a chemical-laden world. It’s easy to keep your liver at its optimal working best by incorporating a few easy changes into your diet, you probably use some of these already! I put garlic in almost everything, love the taste, love the smell. Leafy greens are a great natural cleanser, as is turmeric, and don’t forget milk thistle! Milk thistle is like a gentle bath for your hard-working liver. ( detox plans )

liver-detox-foods

To learn more about Liver and its functions please read this article by Dr. Michael Johnson.

[Last Updated on February 23rd 2014]

 

Edited 8/10/14 SCD

Categories
Alternative Medicine health Most Popular

What Does Your Eye Color Say About You?

what-your-eye-color-says-about-youWEB

Categories
Chronic disease infographics Most Popular nutrition Symptoms

Detecting Nutritional Deficiencies: All Hidden Symptoms of Nutritional Deficiencies

A healthy diet can provide all a growing body needs, but the reality of our busy lifestyles and sometimes finicky eating habits can lead to vitamin deficiency. Knowing what to look for is part of the battle. In this article, we’ll try to help you detecting nutritional deficiencies. Also, note that symptoms are actually better indicators of nutritional deficiency than signs (In medicine a sign is objective while a symptom is subjective).

Hands

  • Cold hands: magnesium deficiency, hypothyroidism, chronic fatigue with low cardiac output

Nails

  • White spots: mineral deficiency but often low zinc
  • Ridges: zinc deficiency
  • Soft or brittle nails: magnesium deficiency
  • Bitten nails: general mineral deficiency

Skin

  • Stretch marks: zinc deficiency
  • Follicular hyperkeratosis: vitamin A deficiency (picture below)
  • Spontaneous bleeds: vitamins C or K or platelet deficiency
  • Dry scaly skin with hair follicles plugged with coiled distorted hairs and a red halo: vitamin C deficiency
  • Yellow palms: excessive beta carotene intake
  • Pimply rough skin at the back of the upper arms “chicken skin”: essential fatty acid deficiency

Mouth

  • Pale fissured tongue: iron deficiency
  • Sore painful fissured tongue: vitamin B3 deficiency
  • Sore burning tongue and lips and peeling of lips: vitamin B2 deficiency
  • Swollen tongue with lateral teeth indentations: food intolerance
  • Painful sore tongue with a smooth appearance: folic acid deficiency
  • Cracked lips: vitamin B2 deficiency, thrush

Skin of face

  • Greasy red scaly skin of face and sides of the nose: vitamin B2 deficiency
  • Seborrheic dermatitis around the nose and an acne-like forehead rash: vitamin B6 deficiency

Eyes

  • Cataracts: chromium deficiency or excess free radicals
  • Bags or dark rings under eyes: allergies or food intolerances
  • Blue eyes and blond hair are often found in hyperactive male children: zinc magnesium, B6 and essential fatty acids deficiencies
  • Blue eyes and premature grey hair – vitamin B12 deficiency: a feature of pernicious anemia

Throat

  • Thyroid swelling: iodine deficiency, hypothyroidism

Heart

  • Any problem with the heart, including irregular beat, high blood pressure, cardiomegaly: magnesium and Co-Q-10 deficiencies, and sensitivity to caffeine.

Legs

  • Tender calf muscles: magnesium deficiency
  • Brisk knee reflexes: magnesium deficiency
  • The following problems can suggest particular deficiencies or allergies:
  • Nasal polyps: salicylate sensitivity

detecting-nutritional-deficienciesWEB

Detecting Nutritional Deficiencies: All Hidden Symptoms of Nutritional Deficiencies

Reviewed by Nima Sheikholeslami, MD
[Last Update: May 15th, 2018]

Detecting Nutritional Deficiencies: All Hidden Symptoms of Nutritional Deficiencies
Categories
health posters infographics Most Popular natural remedies

Bad Breath Remedies to Get Rid of The Smell

[Last Updated on April 28th 2014]

Bad breath is one of the most common health problems and most of us are looking for bad breath remedies. An improper diet can lead to stomach problems and a deficiency in good intestinal flora, bacteria in the mouth, stomach and intestine problems, sluggish bowels, and sinus or throat infections.

Bad Breath Remedies to Get Rid of The Smell

Certain foods, tobacco, and alcohol are the most common causes of bad breath. There are many ways and remedies you can use to freshen your breath, starting with eliminating what causes the bad breath, such as white sugar and bleached white flour, and introducing a diet based on seeds, nuts, grains, vegetables, and fruits. Avocado helps eliminate intestinal putrefaction, which can lead to bad breath, so it’s a great add to your shopping list.

It is important to know that there are some liquid offenders that leave a residue that can attach to the plaque in your mouth and infiltrate your digestive system, these include coffee, beer, wine and whiskey, which are recommended to avoid, but it can also happen with natural food such as onions, spices and garlic but since they provide many benefits to the body it is advisable to brush teeth immediately after ingestion. This is not true of coffee and wine, brushing after ingestion can cause the staining material, called tannin, to be pushed deeper into the enamel.

 bad breath causes

The best solution for bad breath is to practice good oral hygiene and keep the mouth, tongue, teeth, and gums clean and healthy. Brush and floss your teeth regularly and clean your gums to remove bacterial buildup.

Try natural remedies to fresher your breath such as: chewing some leaves of parsley after eating, which is rich in chlorophyll, a green plant compound that kills bacteria that cause odor, also chewing unripe guava or guava leaves is an excellent tonic for the teeth and gums.

You can also use natural oils with your toothpaste such as tea tree or peppermint while brushing, cardamom seeds and fenugreek seeds can also help sweeten your breath.

Categories
health infographics Most Popular Skin Care

What Your Skin Tells about Your Health

What Your Skin Tells about Your Health

What Your Skin Tells about Your Health

whatskintellsFBSome say your eyes are the window to your soul, well,your skin is the window to your health, in fact many underlying heath diseases or conditions first appear as skin problems. What your skin knows about your health:

Butterfly rash
When present across the face it can be a sign of lupus, it may also be rosacea or contact dermatitis, see a specialist.

Velvet Plaques
They appear in the neck or armpits as a sign of diabetes, but they are also caused by obesity. If they appear on hands or lips it may indicate internal cancer.

Leg Plaque: Red edges-Gold centers
It’s a distinctive sign of diabetes, it first appears as a dull, reddish colored patch and skin may crack and become itchy or painful.

Itchy Violet Bumps
This is a rash of red-purple, flat bumps that appear on wrists or ankles and may be linked to hepatitis C.  They can also appear on mouth, lower back, neck, legs and genitals.

Tripe Palms
The palms become thin and velvety-white with pronounced folds in hand lines, it’s linked to lung cancer.

Wooden Skin
It starts as a brown discoloration and indentation of the lower arms and legs, they become browner and wooden in appearance,  it can mean kidney disease. A small yellow spot may appear in the eyes.

Scaly Rash on Buttocks and Red Tongue
This is more often seen in the elderly, it starts in the fold of the buttocks or palms, but can elsewhere on the body and is usually a sign of glucogenoma, a pancreatic tumor. A painful bright red tongue is common too.

Pay attention to your skin,  it may be talking to you, if you have any of these signs visit your doctor as soon as possible for an evaluation.

what your skin tells about your health

What Your Skin Tells about Your Health
[Last Reviewed on May 26th 2014]

Categories
Awesome in Web Most Popular

Life Saving Poster

Life Saving Poster

Life Saving Poster- This poster may save someone’s life!!

I think every man, woman, and child should know some basic self defense. We live in a scary world sometimes. Even if you live in a safe, quiet area of a safe small town there may be occasions that a little knowledge can protect you and keep you safe. Being prepared is half the battle. Study this, print it out, share it, be safe, or as safe as you can be.

save life

 
Here is a very useful video by Jennifer Cassetta, a self-defense expert, that shows how to defend yourself when you wear high heels:

Categories
infographics Most Popular Stress

How Stress Affects The Body

How Stress Affects The Body

How Stress Affects The Body

Stress is important! It’s so important that it’s now recognized as the #1 killer by proxy. The American Medical Association has noted that stress is the basic cause of more than 60% of all human diseases, it has enormous negative mental and physical effects, and yet we often forget how stressful our lives are. Please take some time and check out how stress affects the body. First, these are the 50 most common signs and symptoms of STRESS:

1. Frequent headaches

2. Frequent jaw clenching, or gritting or grinding teeth

3. Stuttering or stammering

4. Tremors, trembling of lips, hands

5. Muscle spasms, neck pain, or backache

6. Dizziness

7. Ringing in ears

8. Frequent blushing or sweating

9. Cold or sweaty hands or feet

10. Dry mouth and/or difficulty swallowing

11. Frequent colds or infections

12. Frequent rashes, itching, or goosebumps

13. Frequent unexplained allergy symptoms

14. Frequent heartburn or acid reflux

15. Excessive belching

16. Changes in bowel habits

17. Difficulty breathing

18. Sudden panic attacks

19. Chest pain or palpitations

20. Frequent urination

21. Lowered sex drive

22. Frequent anxiety

23. Frequent periods of anger

24. Depression or frequent mood swings

25. Changes in appetite

26. Trouble sleeping

27. Difficulty concentrating

28. Learning problems (things don’t stick)

29. Memory loss, short or long-term

30. Difficulty making decisions

31. Feeling overwhelmed

32. Suicidal thoughts

33. Feelings of loneliness or worthlessness

34. Little interest in appearance, punctuality

35. Nervousness

36. Increased irritability and overreaction

38. Frequent minor accidents

39. Obsessive or compulsive behavior

40. Diminished productivity

41. Excessive impulsive shopping or gambling

42. Rapid speech

43. Excessive defensiveness or suspiciousness

44. Trouble communicating

45. Social shyness and isolation

46. Chronic fatigue

47. Frequent use of over-the-counter medications

48. Unexplained sudden weight gain or loss

49. Increased smoking, alcohol abuse, or illicit drug use

50. Dull and dry skin, wrinkles and lines

Finally this useful infographic summarizes how stress affects the body:

The good news is that stress is often treatable. To reduce your stress and some useful tips to manage your stress, make sure to watch this video.

[Last Updated on May 23rd 2014 & March 12th 2014]
By Nima Shei, MD