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Blood Clots Stroke

Blood Clot Symptoms: How to Tell if You Have One

When they are found in the right place, blood clots are life savers. Hemophilia, a disorder where the blood doesn’t clot properly, has shortened the lives of many of its victims. Sometimes a clot is found in the wrong place. How can a person tell if they have one? Here are some blood clot symptoms:

Blood Clot Symptoms: How to Tell if You Have One

Sometime clots form in the deep veins of the legs or the thighs. If symptoms occur, the person experiences:
• Swelling, tenderness or pain. This is especially felt in the calf.
• A leg that is warm or red.
• Pain or soreness when the person walks. It does not go away when they rest.
• Pain when the person raises their leg and flexes their foot.

Blood clots can also occur in the arteries of the arms or legs. When this happens, the symptoms are:

• Pain
• Pallor
• Numbness in the arm or leg
• Loss of sensation in the arm or leg
• A limb that’s cool to the touch

Sometimes, the clot breaks off. It travels up the vein, through the heart and lodges in an artery in the lungs. There it becomes a pulmonary embolism. When the blood clot reaches the lung, it lowers the amount of oxygen that can be delivered to the rest of the body. The blood clot symptoms here are:

• Low-grade fever
• Rapid heartbeat
• Chest pain
• Fainting
• Sudden difficulty in breathing

Sometimes, a pulmonary embolism is preceded by the symptoms described above.

A stroke can be caused by a clot in the brain. The symptoms depend on what part of the brain is affected, but they can include:

• Inability to control a part of the body
• Inability to talk
• Loss of consciousness
• An arm or leg that suddenly and inexplicably feels heavy and numb and can’t be controlled
• Visual changes
• Confusion
• Dizziness
• Incontinence
• Mental confusion
• Weakness. Sometimes the weakness is on one side of the body.

A condition called a transient ischemic attack has the same symptoms as a stroke, but they clear up within an hour. The patient suffers no lasting ill effects, but it still must be considered a medical emergency.

Strokes can also be silent, even though there is still a blood clot in the brain. Because they do not have symptoms, these strokes are sometimes found when the person has an imaging test for another reason. If symptoms do appear, the person may be apathetic and depressed. Over time their ability to think and concentrate can be affected. These types of strokes are more common than those that cause dramatic symptoms.

A blood clot that forms where it is not supposed to be can be dangerous. It is important to know the warning signs, and seek medical help if they occur.

Categories
Health Benefits of Foods

This Study Will Make You Eat an Egg a Day

Studies have shown that eating an egg a day can actually reduce the risk of stroke, a condition where a blood vessel bursts in the brain or a blood clot stop the flow of blood in the brain. Either type of stroke is a medical emergency and potentially fatal. Stroke is in the top ten causes of death in the United States.

According to studies conducted by the EpidStat Institute of Ann Arbor, Michigan between 1982 and 2015, the reduction in the risk of stroke from eating an egg a day is about 12 percent. This finding, which was published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, is part of an overall evaluation of the role foods thought to be high in cholesterol have on overall health.

This Study Will Make You Eat an Egg a Day

Both coronary heart disease and stroke were studied. Though the consumption of an egg a day didn’t seem to effect the risk of heart disease, it did have an impact on stroke. Medical and nutrition experts are not quite sure why this is.

About Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a type of fat that the body uses to make hormones and cell membranes. There are several types of cholesterol, but people are mostly interested in LDL and HDL cholesterol.

RELATED ARTICLE: 5 Commonly Misdiagnosed Illnesses That Can Cost Your Life

Because the body can’t dissolve cholesterol in the blood, it needs to be transported by substances called lipoproteins, which are made in the liver along with cholesterol itself. Low-density lipoprotein or LDL is responsible for transporting most of the body’s cholesterol. Though it is not harmful when its levels are normal, it can adhere to the inside lining of the arteries. This can form plaques that put the person at risk for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Optimal levels of LDL cholesterol are 100 to 129 milligram per deciliter.

READ ALSO:  THIS May Save Your Life: The Difference Between A Heart Attack, Stroke And Cardiac Arrest

High-density lipoprotein or HDL is considered the “good” cholesterol. It’s considered good because it finds excess LDL cholesterol and carries it to the liver, where it can be reprocessed or excreted. This is how HDL cholesterol protects against cardiovascular disease. Optimal levels of HDL cholesterol are 60 mg/dL and over. The best levels for complete cholesterol levels are lower than 200 mg/dL.

About Eggs


One of the reasons that experts believe that eggs help lower the risk of stroke is that the yolk contains omega-3 fatty acids, which naturally lower levels of LDL cholesterol while increasing the levels of HDL molecules. Eggs not only help increase the amount of HDL in the bloodstream but allow it to do its job more efficiently. Eggs are also very high in choline and other B vitamins and give a person 100 percent of the daily values of vitamins A, D, E and K. Both vitamin A and E are antioxidants, which protect the body from being damaged by free radical molecules. This protection extends to the cardiovascular system.

Thanks to this study and others, people who were wary of eating an egg a day should take comfort. An egg a day not only doesn’t raise the levels of “bad” cholesterol but can actually reduce their risk of stroke.

Categories
cancer health

She Wakes Up Covered in Bruises – the Reason Is THIS Rare Disease

She Wakes Up Covered in Bruises - the Reason Is THIS Rare Disease

She Wakes Up Covered in Bruises – the Reason Is THIS Rare Disease

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Since Thea Wilson thought that she was a perfectly healthy 37 year old, she was shocked when she woke up one morning covered in bruises. Her arms, legs, and torso were all covered in bruises that were several inches wide, and the bruises were a deep purplish green shade. When she rushed to get medical advice, the doctors were confused too. At first, they thought she had a platelet disorder, but a bone marrow biopsy revealed that Thea had an incredibly rare form of cancer.

 

Wilson was diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukaemia, a cancer in the bone marrow, which is normally responsible for making healthy blood cells. This rare type of cancer only affects about 100 people each year, and it causes immature white blood cells, which are called promyelocytes, to collect within the bone marrow. This makes it impossible for the body to create mature white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells that are necessary for countless daily functions. Without the platelets that stop bleeding and form blood clots, Wilson was in danger of bleeding to death just from falling over, and her massive bruises came from very small bumps that had happened while dancing the night before.

RELATED ARTICLE: This Flower Has Anti-Inflammatory And Antitumor Properties To Fight With Cancer Cells

It was definitely scary for Wilson to wake up covered in bruises and get diagnosed with cancer, and she was told that “I had aggressive leukaemia, I was a medical emergency, and my hair was going to fall out.” Fortunately, she was able to get medical care in time. She was promptly started on a course of chemotherapy, and she was given vitamin A supplements and a large amounts of donated platelets to help her blood function again. During her treatment, nurses were impressed by her positive outlook, and in less than six months, Wilson had entered remission.

Wilson wanted to give back to The Shropshire Blood Fund Trust, the charitable organization that had saved her life with emergency platelet donations. As soon as she was recovered, she started running again, and she plans to enter the Race For Life to raise fundraising for the blood unit. This woman’s incredibly positive outlook on life kept her from becoming discouraged while fighting cancer, and she is helping to raise awareness for this unusual form of cancer.

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Only about 10% of all people diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia have the acute promyelocytic form that affected Wilson, and this type of cancer is particularly dangerous because it results in low platelet counts. In addition to some of the normal symptoms of cancer, such as fatigue, weight loss, fever, and joint pain, people with acute promyelocytic leukemia end up with blood conditions that can even more deadly than the cancer. The first signs of low platelets caused by leukemia are nosebleeds, small red dots on the skin, bruises like the ones Wilson had, bloody urine, bleeding gums, or extreme menstrual bleeding. People with acute promyelocytic leukemia often look very pale and feel very tired, because they are not getting enough red blood cells.

RELATED ARTICLE: Natural Treatment of Bruises

Acute promyelocytic leukemia is somewhat unusual because there is a high fatality rate before the cancer is diagnosed. Instead of being killed by the cancer spreading, most people are killed because of the coagulation disorders caused by low platelet counts. Without the platelets that make blood clot and stop tiny bleeds from worsening, people risk bleeding to death after getting even a small cut, and any bump can cause a massive amount of internal bleeding. When Wilson went into the hospital, she was shocked to learn that “if I had fallen running or been kicked by my horse, I could have died.”

However, if this rare form of cancer is diagnosed before a patient has late stage cancer and is suffering from extreme bleeding, the outlook is actually very good. The first step in treatment is to stabilize the balance of blood cells, so that chemotherapy can be administered. Blood transfusions are important for stabilizing platelet counts as soon as possible. Then most patients are given all trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a form of vitamin A that helps to clear up the blockage of immature white blood cells, so mature blood cells and platelets can be formed in the bone marrow. Once these steps are taken, anthracycline-based chemotherapy is used to kill cancerous cells.

By combining chemotherapy with ATRA supplements, the survival rate of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia is roughly 90 percent. After people with this type of cancer go into remission, they rarely relapse and develop cancer again. Though this cancer is rare and very dangerous if not diagnosed, proper treatment with chemotherapy and blood transfusions starts working very quickly. As Thea Wilson’s story shows, the generosity of people who donate blood can save lives.

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Categories
Blood natural remedies

9 Natural Ways To Reduce Risk of Blood Clots

9 Natural Ways To Reduce Risk of Blood Clots

9 Natural Ways To Reduce Risk of Blood Clots

A blood clot is a gelatinous mass of coagulated blood used to repair damaged blood vessels such as the arteries, capillaries and veins. Blood clots typically form at the surface of the blood vessel thereby preventing excessive loss of blood. However, there are some instances where a clot forms inside the blood vessel.

Ways To Reduce Risk of Blood Clots

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that occurs in the veins and lodges in the pulmonary artery that is the main blood vessel to the lungs. If the clot is large enough, it can impair blood flow to major body organs such resulting in death. Blood clots mainly present in the form redness, pain, swelling and heaviness in the affected area. Typically, they will form in the veins found in the arm, at the back of the leg and the pelvis.

Am I at a risk?

There are several risk factors and illnesses that can result in the formation of blood clots inside the blood vessels. Among they include:

• Pregnancy

• Prolonged immobility

• Certain heart conditions such as congestive cardiac failure.

• Surgery

• Inherited blood clotting disorders

• Smoking cigarettes

• Being obese

• Hormonal therapy

The relationship between cancer and formation Blood Clots

Several types of cancer increase production of platelets and other clotting factors in the blood of cancer patients. The increased clotting factors and blood platelets double the risk of blood clotting. Cancer patients also undergo chemotherapy meant to treat or reduce the severity of the disease. When the cancer cells are killed, they release substances that may cause coagulation of blood inside the vessels. Some chemotherapy drugs are also likely to cause blood clotting than others.

RELATED ARTICLE: 4 Things Your Blood Type Says About Your Health

In most instances, chemotherapy treatments make cancer patients less active due to the demanding procedures and strict medications involved. With the reduced mobility, they are at a higher risk of developing blood clots than healthy individuals.

What are the natural ways of reducing the risk of blood clots?

Increase physical activity and maintain a healthy weight.

One of the risk factors in blood clot formation is obesity. Exercising daily for at least 30 minutes can go a long way in reducing the risk blood clotting.

Quit smoking

– smoking cause damage to the inner lining of blood vessels. During the repair of the damaged blood vessels, the clot forms hampering blood flow. Chain smokers also have a difficulty in exercising which makes them inactive.

Keep stress at bay

– stress causes havoc to your life. Apart from making you age faster, it also compromises your immune system. Stress hormone also triggers production of free radicals that increase the risk of cancer.

Increase consumption of foods rich in omega three fatty acids and vitamin E

– these two food sources contain components that have blood thinning properties that help to reduce the risk of blood clotting.

Limit alcohol consumption

– excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of blood clotting. Limiting alcohol intake to one serving per day reduces the risk of occurrence.

Increase the consumption of cancer-fighting diet

– consumption of vegetables, fruits, nuts, herbs, mushrooms, spices and legumes reduces the risk of blood clotting. These foods contain vital phytonutrients that are essential in cancer fighting.

RELATED ARTICLE: How to Make the Best Giant Cancer Fighting Salad

Increase consumption of vitamin K

– individuals under blood thinning medications should increase consumption of vitamin K as it interacts with them. Consumption of kales, broccoli, lettuce, turnip greens, mustard greens, soybeans and canola increases levels of vitamin K in the body.

Increase water intake

– water is an essential component of the blood. Consumption of enough amounts of water keeps your body hydrated hence resulting to smooth flow of blood. This washes away any clots and plaques that may have formed.

Garlic and turmeric spices are endowed with anti-inflammatory substances

. Inflammation is a major cause of arteriosclerosis.

The risk of formation of blood clotting can be reduced by adopting a healthy lifestyle change. This will involve intake of a healthy diet, exercising regularly and seeing a doctor when any of the symptoms manifests.

Categories
Blood Lung

Why Are My Fingernails Turning Blue?

Individuals who have moments when the beds of their fingernails turn blue, are experiencing a symptom referred to as cyanosis. Caused by a decreased level of oxygen to the tissues, cyanosis can indicate poor lung function, hampered circulation or compromised cardiac output. Blue nails can also occur harmlessly when a person is cold, and the heart directs the blood flow more toward the center of the body. There are many conditions that can cause poor oxygen delivery that results in blue fingernails.

Asthma and Emphysema

An asthma attack can become severe enough to cause the fingernails, lips and mucous membranes to turn blue. When breathing difficulties have become serious enough to cause cyanosis, emergency help should be sought immediately. Patients who suffer from emphysema may have a chronic bluing of the nails from maintaining consistent low oxygen levels.

Potentially Fatal Emergencies

A few medical emergencies will cause cyanotic nails and need to be addressed immediately, or death may occur. Some serious events include:

Pulmonary embolism that occurs when a clot is lodged in the lung
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Adult respiratory distress syndrome that is marked by fluid in the air sacs
Arterial embolism that happens when a clot blocks blood flow
Choking

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Usually caused by plaque that has built up in the arteries, peripheral vascular disease (PVD) occurs when the blood vessels are unable to deliver a sufficient amount of oxygen to the tissues of the arms and legs, and especially to the hands and feet. PVD also crops up in patients who have poorly controlled diabetes, and the high levels of blood glucose cause vessel damage and block oxygen delivery.

Raynaud’s Phenomenon

When the arterioles that deliver blood to the fingers, toes, ears and the tip of the nose become constricted, the condition is referred to as Raynaud’s Phenomenon. It may harmlessly appear on its own in otherwise healthy individuals, especially females, or it may be the result of conditions such as atherosclerosis, arthritis and auto-immune diseases.

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Categories
health heart health Symptoms

Signs You May Have Clogged Arteries

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Each year in the United States more than 700,000 people suffer a heart attack, and almost 400,000 people die of coronary heart disease (CHD). Preventing heart disease in patients is the main goal, but early detection of clogged arteries is the next best thing. This can lead to changes in lifestyle and medical therapies that can delay or deny the onset of a heart attack; almost 80% of heart disease is preventable with lifestyle changes.

Clogged arteries increase the likelihood of formation of blood clots, which can either partially or completely block arteries supplying blood to the brain or heart muscle. The medical name for clogged arteries is atherosclerosis and other names by which this condition is known are CAD or coronary artery disease, heart disease, hardening or narrowing of arteries, and ischemic heart disease. Clogged arteries are a result of plaque formation on the inner walls of arteries (see illustration). Plaque is composed primarily of fatty substances, cholesterol, and calcium.

Signs You May Have Clogged Arteries

According to researchers, clogged arteries in your arms and legs can lead to a condition called peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Manifestations of PAD include muscle cramping in the hip, thigh, or calf, especially after climbing stairs or walking. This is called intermittent claudication. [/nextpage][nextpage title=”…”] With rest, symptoms of intermittent claudication cease to exist but resume with movement. Hair loss on the legs and changes in toenails as well as changes in the color of your legs are also common symptoms of clogged arteries. Numbness, tingling, and coldness of your extremities are also signs of clogged arteries.

What May Cause Clogged Arteries:

High levels of LDL cholesterol (also called bad cholesterol) in the blood.

Smoking. This never helps and is a risk factor for many health conditions. Consider quitting seriously. Passive smoking or being exposed to secondhand smoke is just as dangerous, so take steps to ensure you are not exposed to it. Smoking damages blood vessels raise blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Smoking also interferes with the oxygenation process by constricting blood vessels and also makes your heart work faster as a consequence [Useful link: 10 Tips to Quit Smoking].

• Obesity

• Lack of physical activity

• High blood sugar levels

• Elevated levels of the protein called CRP or C-reactive protein may also be an indicator of possible clogged arteries/plaque formation

• Family history of heart disease

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• High blood pressure, which is defined as blood pressure staying consistently over 140/90 over a period of time. [How to Lower Blood Pressure Naturally]

If you have any of the conditions above, you should be watchful for the signs and symptoms of clogged arteries.

Some Symptoms Are:

Angina or chest pain. This might feel like a squeezing pain or pressure sensation in your chest, heaviness behind the sternum or breastbone, or a sense of impending doom. The pain can radiate to your shoulders, arms, back, or jaw. It is also activity-related​, meaning that it tends to get worse during activities and tends to go away when you rest. It can also be brought on by any emotional stressors.

Shortness of breath/fatigue is another common symptom. If you get short of breath easily or find it difficult to breathe, it could indicate a potential clogged artery.

It is important to note that people with clogged arteries may experience these symptoms progress over time as the arteries begin to clog up. When the arteries start narrowing up more, the severity of these symptoms may become more pronounced. It is quite unfortunate that many people tend to dismiss these warning signs – it generally is what makes the difference between timely medical intervention and treatment and suffering a fatal heart attack or disabling stroke.

How to Identify Symptoms of Clogged Arteries
[Last Updated on June 8th 2014]

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Categories
Blood infographics

How Much Sitting is Too Much?

How Much Sitting is Too Much?

How Much Sitting is Too Much?

More and more people are getting blood clots, and at young ages. Doctors sometimes miss it as healthcare professionals are trained to look for a certain set of symptoms associated with clots, including pain, swelling, and heat, some of which may be missing. Also, travel is considered a risk factor, many doctors forget that some people work at desks for 12 hours with little movement. When asked after a work injury for a sitting time restriction the Dr. stated, “I want you up 10 minutes of every hour walking around, that’s just common sense.” Unfortunately, it really is not common sense, or common knowledge.

Diana Buchan, age 30, is a self-employed graphic designer who was working a lot of hours to meet deadlines. A lot of leg pain sent her to the doctor, who advised rest and ibuprofen, a few days later she was back with the clots having moved to her lungs, she could have died.  Sara Thompson, an 18 year old college student, was spending so much time studying she developed a clot, she was unable to finish her exams as she was in the hospital recovering.

Some risk factors for blood clots include birth control or hormone pills, extended sitting time for work, school,  or travel, and pregnancy. Sitting is sitting, if you are in a car, a bus, a plane, at a desk, in a chair, a train, a bench, if your knees are bent it puts an additional strain on the back of the knees which can lead to blood clots. Dehydration can worsen the problem. Having a clot once can increase your chances of another one, as the blood vessels have been stretched to accommodate already, they retain that memory, also, you can get a “phantom clot” when your body reacts as if it has another clot, the only sure way is to get it checked out by a health care professional. If you are not happy with one doctor’s opinion, get another, your life is at stake.

The most dangerous time is if a blood clot travels to your lungs and blocks the blood flow, this will cause extreme pain and shortness of breath. The clot can be far in depth, the leg is most common, this is known as DVT, or Deep Vein Thrombosis. The usual treatment is a blood thinner such as warfarin for several months, while you are taking blood thinners you will have a blood test every week to ensure you are getting a therapeutic dose. You will need to avoid shaving, broken glass, dangerous activities that can cause bleeding, etc. It is by far easier to try to prevent one.

If you are sitting for an extended period of time, get up, at least once an hour, and walk around. If you are driving a car, plan extra time so that you can stop every 2 hours or so and stretch and walk, besides into the gas station and back, walk in circles around your car if nothing else. Drink plenty of water, hydration is an important element. If you work in an office walk to the bathroom, up and down the halls once or twice, show this article to your boss, the walk will actually energize you and make the other 50 minutes of your hour more productive.

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Sources: dailymail.co.ukfoxnews.com