The Positive Side of Medicine

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

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This disorder causes people to behave as if they are better than anyone else. It’s hard for them to accept that they have a problem, they often overrate their skills and accomplishments. Normal rules do not apply to them as a special person above reproach. There is a lack of empathy for others, can be manipulative, and are quick to take advantage of others.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Possible causes:

This Disorder usually begins in men and women in their 20s and 30s, however some symptoms can appear during adolescence. The cause is multi-factorial, however researchers have found some risk factors than may increase the chance of developing this personality disorder.

• Lack of positive reinforcement in childhood
• Lack of interest or loving attitudes from parents
• Had parents who did everything to please them
• Had parents with very high expectations

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Common symptoms:

• Always speaking of themselves and their talents, bragging, often lying, self-involved
• Believing they are the most powerful, beautiful, talented or good looking person in the world, always trying to compete with others.
• Feeling special and deserving of adoration
• Manipulative
• Lack of empathy
• Jealous
• Cannot stand being criticized
• Requires attention and compliments



 Usually a psychiatrist or a psychologist takes a clinical history and can run some personality tests to diagnose this condition. There are no biological, neurological, or blood tests for diagnosis at this time.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

By: Andres Carvajal
Edited By: Stephanie Dawson

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

• American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised.
• Narcissistic personality disorder: Symptoms – MayoClinic.com.” Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2011.
• Kernberg, O.F. (1970). Factors in the psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personalities. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 18:51–85, p. 52

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