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Artificial Intelligence, Probabilistic Modeling Is Here to Improve the Survival of Cancer Patients.

Nothing is more important than health. This popular saying (might be even called cliche) is especially current nowadays, when a lot of people die, with no cure and no vaccines, because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Others leave this world equally unnecessarily. For example, those who weren’t diagnosed in time, and lose their fight with cancer. Currently, thanks to Artificial intelligence and its probabilistic modeling, we can significantly improve the prediction of survival in cancer patients. Globally, cancer is the second leading cause of death.

Artificial Intelligence, Probabilistic Modeling Is Here to Improve the Survival of Cancer Patients.

What can science do for cancer patients?

Apparently, it’s able to do a lot! Improving the prediction of survival indicators in patients with breast cancer is a real breakthrough. Not surprisingly, scientists are using tools from artificial intelligence and probabilistic modeling. One of the tools is ModGraProDep, an innovative system presented in a study led by Ramon Clèries, a lecturer at the Department of Clinical Sciences of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of the University of Barcelona, and member of the Oncology Master Plan/ICO-IDIBELL.

How do cancer cells behave?

When cancer emerges in the human body, it produces aggressive cells. They can evade the body’s growth control mechanisms. These cells are also invasive because they enter and subsume adjacent tissues. And they are often metastatic, which means that they travel and colonize distant sites in the body. One of the greatest unsolved challenges in cancer treatment concerns the frequent relapse of patients being treated by chemotherapy and the emergence of chemotherapeutic resistance in cancers. Mathematical models allow us to quickly search and identify the most effective drug combinations for cancer patients. They deepen our understanding of how and why cancer cells sometimes become resistant to chemotherapy drugs.

The study published in the journal Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

To sum up the cutting-edge technology in medicine regarding cancer, let’s first look at the team that took part in creating the newest study. The new technology’s research has been carried out by a team of experts on epidemiology, oncology and data management of the Oncology Master Plan – IDIBELL, the University of Barcelona, the Technical University of Catalonia, the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), the Girona Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBGI), the University of Girona, the University of Alicante, the Epidemiology and Public Health Networking Biomedical Research Centre (CIBERESP), Carlos III Health Institute, the University Hospital Sant Joan de Reus, the Medical Oncology Service of ICO Girona, the Cancer Registry of Girona and Tarragona and the entity MC Mutual.

Numeric modeling – inputs, and outcomes

To cross another frontier in the fight against cancer, it’s worth reaching for mathematical modeling. There is no denying that mathematics plays an increasingly prominent role in cancer research. Mathematical Oncology—defined as the use of mathematics in cancer research—complements and overlaps with several other fields that rely on mathematics as a core methodology. One of the applications of numerical modeling for clinical indicators on oncology is the creation of predictive models to help oncologists and doctors to classify and value future scenarios of evolution in patients with cancer. Mathematical Oncology has a broad scope, ranging from theoretical studies to clinical trials designed with mathematical models. The prediction of survival in patients, considering variables and ages, is a decisive element to consider treatments and identify subgroups among the patients. For example, we already know that nearly half of Canadians will develop cancer in their lifetime, according to the Canadian Cancer Society. 

The application ModGraProDep Technology

Although the information is sometimes estimated through numeric modeling, often, there is not enough sample population to calculate these indicators specifically. The application ModGraProDep Technology (Modeling Graphical Probabilistic Dependencies) led to two studies. The scientific team that created it, designed a web application of great clinic interest in the field of oncology. It enables having a prediction of indicators on survival, and risk of cancer mortality of each patient for twenty years! In the first case, ModGraProDep enables users to identify the structure of the database, and to create a synthetic population of patients with the demographic features of the original cohort. They can, therefore, identify potential patterns of patients and calculate indicators. For example, the survival of a patient depending on the values of his or her variables. In a second study, it’s a new technology that can allocate values in a probabilistic manner in variables, for which there was no information gathered yet.

How AI Technology Is Changing Healthcare In Front Of Our Eyes!

It was never so visible to everyone. The current pandemic has underlined one shockingly fast development – the one, where AI technology and the health industry are joined and collaborate as never before. The future of healthcare, with advances in digital healthcare technologies such as 3D-printing, artificial intelligence, VR/AR, robotics, or nanotechnology, is currently right in the spotlight. Let’s explore how medical technology is efficiently reshaping healthcare.

How AI Technology Is Changing Healthcare In Front Of Our Eyes!

The closest future

The latest developments are at our hands, but, to get to know them, we need to get familiarized with some scientific explanations. We must control technology, and not the other way around! AI technology and healthcare workers need to cooperate and embrace emerging healthcare technologies in upcoming years. 

Will robots take over the jobs of nurses and doctors?

If you are scared that artificial intelligence will control the world within a couple of years or if you have nightmares about virtual reality, where we all live like zombies, then stop. Artificial Intelligence in the field of science will only serve us for the best! 

Dystopias, half-truths, and fake news

The fear about the unknown future, and about what it might bring upon us, is a real thing. Yet, no matter how scary it seems at the moment, we should pursue AI technological development in the field of science, especially medicine, because it’s saving lives. There is no doubt that our lives will be transformed soon, through various AI technologies. However, fear shouldn’t push us away from developing. We should overcome thoughts that make us anxious about the future. An open mind and an optimistic vision about the change is what we should be armed with.  

Which road to take? 

Technology can aid and improve our lives. The cooperation between people and technology will result in amazing achievements. Assuming that the goal can be summarized as healthier individuals living in healthier communities, digital technology could help transform unsustainable healthcare systems into sustainable ones. It can also equalize the relationship between medical professionals and patients, as well as provide cheaper, faster, and more effective solutions for diseases. Together, we can win the battle against cancer, AIDS, Ebola, or… the novel coronavirus!

A few words about Artificial Intelligence

It has been proven that Artificial Intelligence (aha AI) has the potential to redesign healthcare completely. Mining medical records, designing treatment plans, creating drugs faster? No medical professional can achieve comparable perfection in all these fields. In 2015, the start-up Atomwise launched a virtual search for safe, existing medicines that could be redesigned to treat the Ebola virus. As a result, they found two drugs that may significantly reduce Ebola infectivity. The same with breast cancer analysis. Google’s DeepMind algorithm outperformed all human radiologists on pre-selected data sets to identify breast cancer on average by 11.5%. These are only two of multiple examples, so imagine what the future will bring! 

When it comes to virtual reality…

VR is being used, for example, to train future surgeons. It’s also utilized by actual surgeons to practice operations. In the future, we will watch operations as if we wielded the scalpel. Software programs of a kind are developed and provided by companies like Osso VR and ImmersiveTouch. VR-trained surgeons had a 230% boost in their overall performance! They were faster and more accurate in performing surgical procedures. The AI technology is also benefiting patients when it comes to pain management. Women equipped with VR headsets who visualize soothing landscapes are calmer when they go through labor. Also, cardiac, gastrointestinal, neurological, and post-surgical pain have shown a decline in their pain levels when using VR for distraction.

What about augmented reality?

When it comes to augmented reality, users don’t lose touch with reality. AR technology puts information into eyesight as fast as possible. These distinctive features enable AR to become a driving force in the future of medicine. How? It might help, for example, medical students prepare better for real-life operations. It also enables surgeons to enhance their capabilities. At Case Western Reserve University, students are using the Microsoft HoloLens to study anatomy via the HoloAnatomy app, having access to virtual, detailed, and accurate depictions of the human anatomy. 

Understanding The Impact of Garcinia Cambogia On Weight Loss

Garcinia cambogia is a sour fruit native to India, Myanmar, and Indonesia. For many years, it has been used to add a bitter flavor to Asian dishes. But today, it’s widely used in the weight loss supplement industry. The skin of the fruit contains a large amount of Hydroxycitric acid (HCA). This biologically active substance is touted for its ability to shed off excess pounds by blocking fat production and curbing appetite. With such claims, it’s easy to see why Garcinia cambogia supplements fly off the shelves very quickly.

Understanding The Impact of Garcinia Cambogia On Weight Loss

The Impact on Garcinia Cambogia on Weight Loss

As mentioned above, Garcinia cambogia aids weight loss in two ways. The first is by blocking Citrate lyase, a fat-producing enzyme. Citrate lyase converts carbs and sugars into fat. It is the reason why you accumulate stores of fat in your belly, thighs, and buttocks. The second is by suppressing your cravings. HCA boosts serotonin levels in your brain. This results in reduced appetite and much fewer cravings. You won’t feel hungry as you usually do. What’s more, you may notice that you aren’t craving the sweets and other tasty meals packed with calories.

Are There Studies That Prove the Effectiveness of Garcinia Cambogia?

Due to the rise in popularity of Garcinia cambogia as a weight loss aid, it has been the primary focal point of numerous studies. In one study, it has been found that the participants who took Garcinia cambogia were able to reduce more weight than those who didn’t. It continues to be the topic of much controversy, but it’s clear that it has potential in terms of helping people reach their ideal weight.

It’s worthy to note that some of these studies have also shown the other health benefits provided by Garcinia cambogia. In particular, the supplement is effective in reducing LDL cholesterol and increasing HDL cholesterol. One study also showed that it could drastically reduce belly fat.

Making the Right Choice

Of course, not all weight loss supplements are created equal. Many products ride on the bandwagon in an attempt to make quick cash, but you’ll also find supplements that have been proven effective by countless users. For instance, Liquid Chestnut is a popular weight loss supplement that features a powerful combination of Garcinia cambogia, green coffee extract, horse chestnut extract, and L-carnitine. These ingredients work in cohesion to suppress appetite and keep you feeling full for an extended period, which means you won’t suffer from hunger pangs like you usually do.

While further studies are needed to prove the effectiveness of Garcinia cambogia, plenty of people swear by its weight loss benefits. However, keep in mind that just like all weight loss supplements, you should make sure that you eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly to achieve optimal results. Garcinia cambogia isn’t a miracle drug that burns your fat in an instant. You must still put in the effort to reach your target weight and keep off those extra pounds in the future.

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How Cutting-edge AI is Helping Scientists Tackle COVID-19

COVID-19 disease takes its toll throughout the world. No wonder that scientists are racing to find an efficient treatment or vaccine. It also shouldn’t surprise us that so widely-spread nowadays Artificial Intelligence could help them reach their goal.

How Cutting-edge AI is Helping Scientists Tackle COVID-19

Researchers needed

Our times are the times of research. Since we have so many tools and a lot of knowledge to discover and create everything, we cannot deal with the fact that there’s still a mystery that we are not able to reveal. This conundrum is called coronavirus pandemic. Researches on it have exploded in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and now there are more than 60,000 papers online.

The meaning of AI

One of the most crucial tools of contemporary is Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies like, for example, Natural Language Processing (NLP). It can help researchers tackle COVID-19 by processing huge amounts of data that otherwise wouldn’t be possible to deal with by humble human-beings. AI has the power to transform medical research in a way that we would never think about before. It helps us address extremely urgent medical challenges, such as COVID-19.

Machines can find, evaluate, and summarise innumerable research papers on the new coronavirus. A group of scientists would have to sacrifice all their lives to do it, and they still wouldn’t be sure whether they didn’t skip anything. Machines do it in seconds and couldn’t be more fierce about their results. Mind that thousands of new researches and other scientific documents are added every week as specialists race to find a vaccine or treatment. AI can also help us track the spread of COVID-19, as well as other diseases. How? By detecting early warning signals such as clusters of symptoms in a new place.

Is it really helpful? 

Specialists in Artificial Intelligence (AI) can use their training in concepts like statistical significance to understand medical researches regarding a sophisticated global database and extract from it the most relevant information. Machines can fruitfully assist us in reaching the ultimate goal. They can fastly detect patterns that we, as humans, may be slow to see. In other words, they can help us quickly understand data on the spread of COVID-19 and other diseases, and intervene fast and early.

Urgent questions need answers now, not later

Since there are about 67,000 scholarly papers related to the new coronavirus, and their number is still growing, every scientist working on a cure or vaccine must understand this prior research. In the worst case, hundreds of scientists would work on the same matter! To avoid errors and duplications, AI results in pretty helpful. Researchers and institutions around the world have rightly decided to tap the power of machines to overcome the COVID-19 crisis.

More about machine learning

Going through all these papers would take years. Machines could change this, providing us with an instant overview. In March, a partnership of several institutions, including the White House, created the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19). It’s a free resource for the global AI community. The database is just a beginning, though.

A brilliant one but still a beginning. AI specialists around the world work to develop tools to extract the most significant information using machine learning. This way, medical researchers will be able to keep up with this fast-evolving field. Machine learning is a part of Artificial Intelligence that consists of machines being trained on huge data samples. They can independently analyze data sets and detect patterns, trends, relationships, and such (for example the speed and pattern of COVID-19 spread). Scientists can now type a simple question into a search engine tied to the database, such as “Is COVID-19 seasonal?”, and the search engine quickly finds and ranks all related papers for them.

What’s even more important than pure knowledge? Detecting the threat. 

Another important piece of information on COVID-19 emerges daily, somewhere in the world. Collecting them fast and efficiently could probably help us prevent the next pandemic. The challenge is to fish this crucial information from other, irrelevant observations. And this exact objective is at the core of epidemic intelligence. The aim is to spot and assess epidemics, ideally in their earliest stage. Health ministries and centers for disease control in all member states of the United Nations, as well as medical and healthcare professionals, will use these newest tools for ongoing epidemic research.

Caffeine Anhydrous: How Does It Impact Weight Loss?

Do you struggle to shed off those extra pounds even after changing your eating habits? Thousands of people would answer yes to this question, and if you belong to the same group, it’s time to find alternatives. But instead of looking out for the next fad diet, what you should focus on is a more practical solution. You might be surprised that one ingredient that helps with weight loss is probably in your kitchen right now: caffeine.

Caffeine Anhydrous: How Does It Impact Weight Loss?

The Link Between Caffeine and Weight Loss

Your morning may feel sluggish if you don’t drink your daily cup of coffee. For others, their caffeine source is green tea or energy drinks. But regardless of where you get it, caffeine proves to be an excellent stimulant for the nervous system. It clears drowsiness and provides an instant energy boost.

Caffeine works by mimicking adenosine, a compound that makes you feel sleepy. Since caffeine has the same structure as adenosine, it attaches to your brain receptors, thus helping you stay awake. Moreover, the stimulant properties of caffeine also boost the effects of other natural stimulants, such as dopamine, adrenaline, glutamate, and norepinephrine.

Caffeine vs. Caffeine Anhydrous

It’s worth noting, however, that caffeine is different from caffeine anhydrous. The literal meaning of anhydrous is “without water.” This explains why it’s also referred to as caffeine powder. It comes from the leaves and seeds of coffee plants. The difference is that caffeine is extracted and then dehydrated, creating a highly concentrated caffeine powder.

Caffeine powder is so potent that a single teaspoon provides the same effect as two dozen cups of coffee. That doesn’t sound good for the body, so the key is in finding supplements with the right dose of caffeine anhydrous.

Because of the increasing popularity of caffeine anhydrous, many supplement manufacturers capitalize on the trend by releasing products that may not be safe for consumption. It’s recommended to use a tried and tested weight loss solution, one that has gone through clinical trials to test its efficacy and safety.

Weight Loss Benefits

How does caffeine anhydrous help you get rid of those stubborn pounds? It’s unreasonable to expect that merely consuming caffeinated drinks or taking caffeine supplements will help you lose weight, especially if you continue eating unhealthy foods. Caffeine promotes weight loss by suppressing your appetite and providing you with mental clarity. A clear mind allows you to make better decisions throughout the day, which could hold the key to avoid finding yourself reaching for a bag of chips mindlessly when your energy levels start to go down.

Several studies also show the link between caffeine consumption and an increase in metabolic rate. Many athletes swear by caffeine to boost their metabolism, allowing them to burn fatter and calories at the same time. The stimulant properties of caffeine also help them improve their overall athletic performance.

If you’re tired of fad diets that don’t work, it’s time to make the switch and try caffeine anhydrous for yourself. It curbs appetite, burns fat, and brings mental clarity to help you remain focused on your weight loss goals.

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What Happened at Saint Joe’s Hospital Can’t Stay There Forever!

Ellen DeGeneres drags out into the light the ‘Patient Zero’ Gregg Garfield. Gregg Garfield, 54, was the first patient at Providence Saint Joseph Hospital in Burbank, California, with COVID-19. He was intubated for 31 days and given a 1% chance of survival. It’s worth knowing his humbling experience, the ongoing issues he has had since his hospitalization, and how doctors and nurses became his family after helping to save his life. Happily, he recovered and was released after 64 days. 

What Happened at Saint Joe’s Hospital Can't Stay There Forever!
Source

How has it all started?

As the COVID-19 pandemic was starting to spread in Italy, a group of 13 skiers left Los Angeles for their annual Europe trip. When they headed to northern Italy, they had no idea that the pandemic was about to explode. Unfortunately, their trip ended with all of them testing positive for the virus, four of whom needed to be hospitalized.

“Three days into the trip, a few people started getting sick. By the end of the trip, everybody was sick. None of us knew we had coronavirus,” said Brett Lightner, one of the travelers. Gregg Garfield was registered at Saint Joe’s Hospital, three other people were on ventilators. “The disease kicked off, and my immune system just ate me alive,” Garfield told KCAL-TV in Los Angeles. He was on the verge of losing his fight with coronavirus. Now, as we are aware of the end of the story, we can go through his experiences with no fear, and get informed about the consequences of meeting COVID-19 at first hand.

The illness

Garfield suffered pneumonia and kidney failure. His sister Stephanie Garfield Bruno told KABC-TV that four different parts of his lungs collapsed. Also, he was unable to walk. Bruno said the situation still feels surreal, noting that her athletic brother was the picture of health before he became sick. Garfield’s body started shutting down.

He was intubated and stayed on a ventilator for 31 days. His blood pressure plummeted, changing the color of the skin on his fingers. Garfield got real about how real this virus is, sharing the loss of his fingers and toes because of a lack of blood flow. With the help of physicians and physical therapists, he regained his mobility and returned home with a walker, after two months of hospitalization. Garfield hopes that people take the coronavirus pandemic seriously. “The only thing I really am focused on right now is telling the story about how real this is”.

People were helpful

One of the heartbreaking facts about his recovery process was that despite him being in a coma, one of his nurses would speak with him every day. One day, she even decided to stick a stuffed animal of a dog named “Baby Bear” after his dog, under his chin. “This is really emotional for me,” Garfield said. “I have received an outpour of unbelievable love”. His doctors and nurses are still texting and calling him. 

Special recovery send-off

Gregg received a heartwarming ovation from the medical staff after recovering. It was the kind of situation that usually gets you chills and makes all of us teary-eyed. Even he was surprised by this emotional special recovery send-off. In the goodbye scene, Garfield is seen holding onto the arms of his sister and girlfriend as he stands up out of his wheelchair and makes his way out of the hospital doors. He is surrounded by dozens of people with signs of encouragement, clapping for his recovery.

The happy ending

Gregg was given the all-clear to leave last Friday, 64 days after first walking into the hospital. Doctors believe that his was a real miracle. Garfield is in recovery, but his case exemplifies how quickly the virus acts. “He wasn’t that bad when he came into the emergency room. Within less than 48 hours, he wasn’t breathing well, and he was on maximum oxygen,” pulmonologist Dr. Daniel Dea told ABC7. Gregg notes that “It is the most humbling experience to learn to walk again at 54-yers-old”. Moreover, he also claims that he will ski again this year.

Are 5G And EMF Radiation Damaging To Your Health?

What do we want from the Internet nowadays? We surely don’t want it to do us any harm. We desire speed, convenience, and, as psychologists say, instant gratification. The more we have, the more we want. Not surprisingly, we recently entered the fifth generation of 5G and EMS radiation. The newest big technology solution, 5G, raised questions about what are the health risks of the new radiation, and if our fear in the face of such an upgraded novelty is due.  

Is 5G And EMF Radiation Are Damaging To Your Health?

What is 5G?

5G brings greater capacity, a higher density of users, faster download speeds, and more reliable connectivity. What’s more, nothing new needs to be built to implement it, since companies are planning to use existing infrastructure to install the new 5G devices (utility poles and buildings in a tightly-knit network). They are in the size of smoke detectors. As a result, they are even less noticeable than before, so they seem to be less intrusive. Is it really? The leap to 5G means that we’re gonna have more 5G connected devices, communicating with more, and new forms of energy to, from more 5G towers, and small cell sites closer to the ground. 5G will lead to an exponential increase in human exposure to EMF radiation. Moreover, it will use frequencies that have never been used in consumer applications before. They are generally considered to be absorbed by the body within a few millimeters of the skin. The scientific data on the subject is still limited, so the results are only about to come. Unfortunately, they will appear (or not) directly on our bodies. 

5G and EMF

Many people become concerned when 5G cell towers that pop up in their neighborhoods. They rightly wonder if 5G is bad for their health. 5G will indeed result in unprecedented exposure to a particular type of radiation. Let’s break it down: all wireless technology functions by sending and receiving signals using electromagnetic radiation (or EMF). Namely every wireless device – as well as the towers and routers that connect them – is a source of EMF. Researches show that even short-term exposures can harm the peripheral nervous system, the immune system, and the cardiovascular system. The study led by Dr. Yuri D Feldman at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem found that human sweat ducts act as an array of tiny, helix-shaped antennas when exposed to millimeter waves – amplifying health risks. 

Few words about the threat

The good news is that 5G radiation emissions fall within current safety limits. It doesn’t mean that 5G is safe though. 5G is leading to increased exposures to higher energy forms of EMF radiation, but there has been no change to the safety standards that govern the technology. These exposures and health effects that they cause in the short or long-term are unfortunately still untested. No surveys indicate the real levels of 5G EMF radiation to which people will be exposed. What we do know is that there are no safe radiation levels of EMF. Dr. Joel Moskowitz from UC Berkeley School of Public Health has explained, “we have no reason to believe that 5G is safe.” The World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has designated this type of EMF as a Class 2B carcinogen. Moreover, EMF is genotoxic, which means it can destroy our DNA.

Do we really need 5G?

Smart homes, self-driving cars, and appliances that manage themselves. The broader term for this is the Internet of Things (IoT), and for it to become a reality, wireless networks have to evolve to meet increasing data demands. Wireless companies believe 5G networks are the answer. One characteristic of 5G is that it seeks to use a whole new spectrum, to allow for more traffic – that of millimeter waves. 4G networks were using “old” radio waves to broadcast data. As time goes and technological development evolves, the radio spectrum is already crammed full of signals. Millimeter waves are much shorter than radio waves (they are only 1 to 10mm in length). Shorter waves mean these are higher frequency, which means they transmit more energy.

Possible symptoms

Exposure to this type of radiation can result in nausea, hair loss, low energy, confusion, swelling, appetite loss, depression, bone marrow damage, organ damage, infections, incapacitation, and death. It indeed sounds like a hell of a threat!

Cannabis Sativa and Indica: Know the Difference

Cannabis plant and its various species and strains are being studied like no other herb. The plant mainly has three different species namely, Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis.

Researchers and scientists around the world are conducting numerous studies to identify their uses as well as the key features that distinguish them from one another. There is a lot of debate about how these are different from/ similar to each other. Cannabis sativa and indica are particularly being studied with diligence. Some theories provide a clear demarcation between the effects these two species cause however others indicate that their impact is more or less the same though they differ in appearance.  The indica vs sativa argument is ongoing and is growing as more and more research is being conducted in this regard.

Cannabis Sativa and Indica: Know the Difference

Let us take a closer look at how these varieties of Cannabis plant differ from each other.

Indica Vs Sativa

Physical Appearance

Indica is a rather short plant with wide leaves. The plant is bushier compared to sativa. Sativa is taller in comparison. It grows in length and has a slimmer appearance. The leaves of saliva are long and thin.

Effect Caused

It has been observed that sativa energizes the mind and increases alertness and concentration thereby boosting work efficiency. It causes a euphoric effect and raises creative thinking ability. It is best to have it in the morning so as to stay energized all through the day. You can expect better ideas and greater productivity with its use.  

Indica, on the other hand, relaxes the mind and body. It helps in relieving stress and promotes better sleep but decreases the energy levels of the body. Owing to this property, it is best to have it at bed time. Besides helping a person de-stress this cannabis species is also known as an appetite stimulator. Studies reveal that some indica strains are so strong that people are hardly able to get up for hours after their consumption.

However, certain studies show that the impact caused by sativa and indica cannot always be seen in black and white.

Aroma

Indica strains are known for their strong earthy and skunky odors. On the other hand, sativa strains have a sweet, fruity aroma. 

Terpenes present in these strains are responsible for their distinct aroma. 

Medical Use

The correct dosage of Cannabis sativa strains over a period of time reportedly helps in healing psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety. The intake of Cannabis indica, on the other hand, helps in relieving pain caused due to arthritis and fibromyalgia.

Plant Growth

Indica mostly flowers between 7 to 9 weeks. Since it is a short plant, it can be grown indoors. Sativa takes 10 to 16 weeks to grow and is apt for growing in outdoor settings.

So, we see how these two varieties of Cannabis plants are different from each other. However, recent studies assert that classifying Cannabis on the basis of its species is not a very good idea. There are growing number of arguments stating that the effect caused by their strains cannot be demarcated clearly.

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5G Networks And Coronavirus: Here Are The Latest Conspiracy Theories

A lot has been said about the relationship between the 5G networks and coronavirus. Some theories are considered conspirative even though it may seem like they have a grain of truth. Let’s dig into it and discover what the world’s widespread discussion is about. How could telecom possibly be related to the spread of a respiratory virus? Is 5G harmful to our health?

5G Networks And Coronavirus: Here Are The Latest Conspiracy Theories

Theories

According to these convictions, real dangers are being covered up by powerful forces in the global telecommunications industry. What’s interesting, at first it was only a small number of people who believed that 5G is harmful. The situation changed, and this belief spread when COVID-19 appeared on such a massive scale. The world went locked down, and anxieties due to 5G rose. Even celebrities contributed to the diffusion of these theories sharing opinions that there could be truth to it. In consequence, these claims entered into the mainstream.

Questions posed

Some theories say that the radiation from 5G is what’s causing COVID-19 symptoms. Other people believe that 5G is to blame for the rapid spread of COVID-19. They assert that the radiation from 5G can weaken your immune system to the point that makes you more easily infected by the COVID-19 coronavirus. Is it a coincidence that those two “novelties” appeared almost simultaneously? 

The revolt

Rightly or wrongly, people started the rebellion against 5G. As a result, telecoms engineers have been threatened, spat at, and chased down the streets! Phone masts have been set alight across Europe, threatening to cut off vital communications at a time of international emergency. Is it already a panic, or is it still explainable on rational terms?

Which claims are fueling these conspiracies? 

Firstly, let’s break down the first rumor. Scientists confirm that COVID-19 is transmitted only via respiratory droplets. They point out that you cannot transmit droplets through 5G waves. That’s good news! The claims that 5G, in any other way, caused the virus, are also wrong. It’s confirmed by scientists from all over the world. The most prevalent and likely of all the theories is the one that 5G degrades the immune system, thus supporting the spread of COVID-19. Well, many of the hardest-hit countries, like Iran with over 114,000 confirmed cases, currently have no 5G infrastructure. The theory of the danger that 5G brings to the immune system isn’t new. The same claims arose when 2G, 3G, 4G, and WiFi were installed. Is there anything more to it when it comes to 5G? 

The fear of electromagnetic radiation

5G waves are part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Higher frequency radiation, at the end of this spectrum, does indeed pose dangers. These high-frequency waves are “ionizing”, meaning they can cause internal damage to our bodies if exposure is too great (analogically to X-Rays that penetrate the body, and are used for medical imaging). So is 5G a real threat? Specialists say it isn’t because 5G is in a band of low-frequency waves, just like WiFi. Are we afraid of WiFi? Usually not much. 5G waves are “non-ionizing” – it’s confirmed that this kind of radiation doesn’t cause internal damage to our cells.

Medical facts 

If we listen to the science (some of us don’t believe science though), the simple fact is that 5G – the fifth generation of Internet communications technologies, cannot be behind the pandemic, either by spreading the virus or by degrading our immune response. The pandemic has already afflicted over 1.5 million people and killed over 90,000 people. Isn’t it that the technology that is supposed to make mobile and Internet communications much, much faster, is not a cause of it but a significant help to beat it down? Folks on social media are blaming 5G for causing and sustaining pandemics, just as people are accusing Bill Gates (the guy who donated millions to invent the vaccine) of causing it. For some of the arguments, we will never find a response,  but some of them are medically proven.  

Alternative theories 

Another variation of the theory is that there is no COVID-19 coronavirus. In other words, the news we watch daily, testing that people get, and the whole severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2), that doctors and scientists seem to be battling, are all part of some elaborate hoax. Well, as for now, let’s try to base it on science and we’ll go through everything.

What We Know — and Still Don’t Know – About the Coronavirus

By now, we know a lot about the coronavirus. Dr. Megan Ranney (the emergency physician and Brown University associate professor of emergency medicine) spent last week testifying about the coronavirus before Congress. After she took to Twitter with some useful advice on coronavirus on Sunday, CNN interviewed her with some even more in-depth questions. She knows a lot about it, but she also admits that the world is still unsure of some issues regarding COVID-19. 

What We Know -- and Still Don't Know - About the Coronavirus

What we don’t know yet?

The way the illness is spread – we are almost sure that it’s similar to the previously known ways of spreading, but it’s more aggressive. There’s conflicting information over whether it’s aerosol spread (like measles) or droplet (like flu). We also don’t know how long the virus lives on surfaces and whether it’s spread by cats, other animals, and by human waste. We are not aware of the true case fatality rate. Currently, scientists say that coronavirus is at least four times more deadly than the flu. 

What else is there to research?

It seems more or less obvious which symptoms appear, but we don’t fully understand how it causes this wide variety of them. Although doctors have growing clinical knowledge, the new multi-inflammatory syndrome observed in kids is very much a black box. What about the virus being spread by cigarettes or vapor? We know that current smokers have a higher risk of severe illness and death, but we know nothing about the spread of the virus among smokers. 

Summer is coming and rumors about its consequences are controversial

The first issue is that, what many believe, coronavirus will dissolve during the hot months. Another thing is that AC systems are potentially spreading the virus more. Is there anything to be worried about? Several studies show that airflow changes patterns of transmission inside a building. That is even quite obvious without being a scientist or a technician. When it comes to COVID-19, it’s not sure whether it’s spread through the AC system. It’s likely, though, due to air blowing the virus droplets or aerosols into certain locations.

Why don’t we know the real fatality rate and what will help us determine it?

The first reason – we don’t know how many people have been infected (there are severe delays in getting testing going), so it’s impossible to know the fatality rate i.e. the number of people who died divided by the number of people infected. What we do know is that the case-fatality rate likely differs in various populations. We are already aware at a global scale that it’s higher for the elderly than for the young.

Do we just need more time to study the virus or we are totally unable to discover some aspects of it at all? 

A lack of skills or knowledge isn’t a problem at all here. It’s time, and funding – the two things usually involved in any specialistic field to make sure things are done well. We need to be careful in what we read everything that is published currently related to COVID-19. We must also remember that it’s all novel, and, more often than not, it’s not checked by specialists. Some titles and pieces of information are less trustworthy than others. There is a lot of funding being provided for scientists, but social distancing makes everything tougher. Clinical research isn’t working at its normal rate, just like everything else. Everyone is affected by the coronavirus. As we all know, it’s a very democratic disease. 

How do we get to know all of that?

How to figure out all the crucial info mentioned above? How to get a concrete idea of, for example, how is the virus transmitted and how long does it last on surfaces? Also, what’s the difference between the virus only being on the surface and it being infectious? Even if we detect it there, it may still not be able to get anyone sick. Ever heard of a dead virus? Just observing that the virus is ‘there’ (on the surface) doesn’t mean it’s ‘infectious’. Knowing that even more questions arise. Doctors and scientists admit that a few more good laboratory studies are still needed and essential to discover many of the coronavirus’ qualities.

Tracing ‘Patient Zero’: Why America’s First Coronavirus Death May for Ever Go Unmarked

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While the US experts are still investigating this world-widely spread illness, they are also trying to chase down its US source, the famous ‘patient zero’ but with no results. Why is pinpointing the coronavirus arrival to America so hard? ‘We’re not going to exhume bodies and test them’, said George Rutherford, an epidemiologist at the University of California, San Francisco – and apparently, much about these early cases will probably remain unclear forever.

Tracing 'Patient Zero': Why America's First Coronavirus Death May for Ever Go Unmarked

By now, the US is officially nearing the bleak milestone of 100,000 confirmed coronavirus deaths. However, since the real date of the first death may go unmarked it can remain impossible to guess who was the ‘lucky’ one. The death toll will probably have hit that figure days before the official tallies reflect it. 

The first notice

The first report of coronavirus in the US came on 21 January, when a man in Washington state, who had traveled to Wuhan, tested positive. The models of the COVID-19 ‘travels’, as they are being reconstructed now, show that the virus was making its way through America’s major cities, undetected, weeks before the first American died of it officially. On February 29, 2020, in the Seattle area, nursing home outside the city reported what was believed to be the first US death caused by COVID-19.

What was there but wasn’t said out loud

Coronavirus cases were also identified in California in late January, initially among those who had recently traveled to Wuhan. By late February, California’s governor, Gavin Newsom, said officials were monitoring more than 8,400 patients – but the state had only 200 testing kits. Moreover, testing became America’s problem for a long haul, and it was a rather costly issue when it comes to deadly patients’ cases. Tests were difficult to come by across the nation after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had botched the rollout of diagnostic kits and delayed allowing private and academic labs to develop their own. 

Is it any worse than in other countries? 

There is rather nothing severely failed in the US system compared to other nations throughout the world, at least when it comes to the first response to coronavirus. Just as everywhere else, only the most severely ill patients were being tested initially, and those who had recently traveled were prioritized. 

Suspicions of the beginning of that all

Optimistically, large hospitals and academic medical centers routinely preserve and store tissue samples from autopsies for six months to a year. We are in May, so it’s still potentially possible to track down everything that happened in the COVID-19 case along the way. In April, an analysis of samples from the autopsy of a 57-year-old Santa Clara woman who died suddenly in her home on 6 February revealed that she succumbed to the disease. The woman probably contracted the virus at least a week or two before she died. However, the fact that she had not traveled outside the country shows another significant note. It means that coronavirus was spreading within the community at least by mid-to-late January.

Continuing to search for the crucial answer

Recently, Washington officials have been looking into the cases of two patients with symptoms typical of COVID-19 in late December who tested positive for antibodies to the virus. There is an option though that these patients could have suffered from severe flu or other respiratory illness, and only contracted the coronavirus later. That’s why these test results don’t give the answer we are so eager to obtain. ‘There’s a chance that there were more infections that resulted in death, at a time when we didn’t know about this novel coronavirus,’ said Andrew Badley, chair of the Mayo Clinic’s COVID-19 research task force. Newsom, the California governor, ordered coroners in the state to review autopsies back to December.

More medical researches

Before mid-February, only two of nearly 3,000 people with respiratory disease symptoms were noted as infected with the coronavirus. A severe flu season, making people sick in January and February, doesn’t make the whole thing easier to differentiate from coronavirus.

It’s still unclear for the specialists, why, if the virus was circulating early, patients were not overwhelming hospitals early on. ‘All viruses can mutate and change a little bit over time,’ said Badley. By tracing different strains of the virus, researchers can estimate when each strain was introduced to a region, but the process is tricky and requires that the older strains of the virus still be around – either preserved in tissue samples or spreading through the population. It doesn’t surprise that, with so many variables, tracking down the ‘zero patient’ is such a big deal.

5 Health Benefits of Low-Carb and Ketogenic Diets

Low-carb diets are low in carbohydrates and high in protein and fat and have been studied for years on how beneficial they are to the health. The main purpose of these diets is for weight loss but they have also been shown to benefit the health in other areas, such as reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

5 Health Benefits of Low-Carb and Ketogenic Diets

The ketogenic diets has also been popular in recent years, as it is a form of low-carb diet that puts the body into a metabolic state called ketosis. Most people opt for the pills as an easier alternative, which has also gotten more popular and is sometimes referred to as the shark tank keto pills, following the movie- Shark Tank. 

Below are some of the health benefits of low-carb and ketogenic diets:

1. It Helps with Weight Loss

Low-carb diets have restricted amounts of carbohydrates, which causes a decrease in appetite-stimulating hormones- insulin and ghrelin. The high-fat content also has a satiating effect, which causes decreased food cravings. While the body works to convert fat and protein to glucose, it burns more calories. All of these contribute to weight loss, which makes this form of diet known for its weight loss effects.

2. It Reduces Triglyceride Levels

Triglycerides are fat molecules in the blood and an important measure of heart health, as a high level can increase the risk of heart disease. A study on some subjects showed how the restriction on carbohydrates altered lipoprotein metabolism, with the plasma LDL cholesterol and triglycerides (TG) significantly reduced. 

3. It Reduces Blood Sugar and Insulin Levels

Low-carb and ketogenic diets are known to reduce blood sugar and insulin levels, which reduces the risk of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and other illnesses. Studies have shown that very low carbohydrate with a high saturated fat diet has an effect on the blood sugar and insulin levels. A PubMed study further proves that this diet may be useful in the short-term management of subjects with insulin resistance.

4. It Lowers Blood Pressure

Health experts advise people to check their blood pressure regularly due to the risks associated with elevated blood pressure. This includes heart disease, stroke, narrowed blood vessels in the kidney, aneurysm, and more. Low-carb diets have been shown to help lower blood pressure due to the reduced levels of carbohydrates and increased nutrients to keep the body healthy.

5. It Increases HDL Cholesterol and Reduces LDL Cholesterol

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is known as the “good” cholesterol while low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is known as the “bad” cholesterol. The ratio of HDL levels to LDL can determine your risk of heart disease. Low-carb and ketogenic diets contain healthy fats that help increases good cholesterol, which reduces the risk of several illnesses.

Conclusion

Low-carb and ketogenic diets have been to benefit health in several ways beyond weight loss. This could be a safe and effective method to try to help improve your health while eating healthily. These five benefits are important and will give you an improved quality of life.

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What Could Be The Long-Term Effects Of The Coronavirus Pandemic?

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What changes could come in the aftermath of COVID-19? As history shows, the aftermath of plagues has brought about radical transformations for societies. What will be the outcome of the current situation in which we unwillingly found ourselves?

Long-Term Effects Of The Coronavirus Pandemic

A bit of history of getting back to normal

Hundred years ago, in the USA, when the Spanish flu and World War I ended, presidential candidate Warren Harding popularized the phrase “Return to normalcy”. As usual, in such situations as running for a president, the quote was coined to attract voters and tell them exactly what they needed to hear. After a crazy, out-of-norm period, people crave normal and they will do everything to get it. But was it really the case when Harding was running for a president? And even more importantly, will ‘normal’ be possible ever again?

Abruptly, profoundly and irretrievably – life has changed

Prevailing over the virus is one thing. But there is another crucial turnabout when it comes to getting through all that – how we will deal with our respect for science or the lack of it and how our currently strong, collective will is going to behave in the more stable times. These are noteworthy issues to be reconsidered when we finally rebuild ‘the new normal’ in societies.  

An inaudible scream of the Earth

Haven’t we noticed that not everything is right? Bushfires in Australia, highest temperatures on Earth ever, floods, icebergs, and glaciers melted – wasn’t it a warning sign made by Mother Earth strong enough to pay our attention to the possible consequences of our shameless and short-sighted behavior? 

Biology doesn’t care about ‘recession’

No live sport, no Broadway shows, emergency and army on the street, empty train stations and airports at rush hours, the historically unprecedented value of toilet paper, and 500 meters queues for grocery stores. Have we expected it at any measure? Biology matters and it’s not going to negotiate or back off, and we are not used to the kind of situation that we don’t control. We have to respect nature. It’s not a surprise that people who know a lot about nature or health issues – knew that such an event may appear at some point. And we will be rightly penalized for our disrespect for the future on Earth and mercilessly destroying the globe we live on. Climate change whistleblowers were numerous and they were trying to warn us. They even wrote books on probable pandemics and published it! Unfortunately, we didn’t listen.

The order comes from chaos

The hygiene of modern cities, the way they were constructed, and enhanced come in a huge part from the drama of the former epidemics and the people’s needs. Quarantines, social distancing, lockdowns – it has all already happened more than once. This is a real source of optimism when it comes to the difficult situation that we found ourselves in – in history, necessary transformations that arose due to health necessities, brought a significant upgrade to the cities. Paved streets, better housing regulations, care about sanitary measures – these are enhancements that sprung in the aftermath of the epidemics in history.

What about a social turnabouts?

The aftermath of plagues brings about radical positive changes in societies. Is it the same in every case? The situation is even sometimes called a “war”, due to the anxiety it brings, so how can that be perceived as positive? The world has spent so much time, energy, and money guarding its borders against immigrants. Danger came in nonetheless, and now it’s a unity and cooperation that can really save us. Hopefully, this surprise will teach us something that we can take with us to the future.

Let’s try to slow down with travels

Any less traveled road that we can take as humans? 700 hundred years – this is how long our love for a never-ending journey has been developing. Should we really use cars, airplanes, and trains – all kinds of transport that enable us to change location every time we want – so often and so obsessively? Can we take a step back to save our globe, so currently sick and poor? It’s still not enough to pay for all of our faults, but it’s worth considering either way.

Another Eric Trump’s Dangerous Coronavirus Conspiracy Theory

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As time goes, Eric Trump seems to be more and more eager to attract the attention of the public. Before, it was just a Trump son making headlines for his commentary about American politics. Now, in an interview he gave to Fox News, he becomes more creative than that. Should we congratulate him for an upgrade or just the opposite?

Another Eric Trump's Dangerous Coronavirus Conspiracy Theory

What does coronavirus have to do with politics?

Eric offered up his private theory in the politics and coronavirus department. Let’s move straight to the quote, and then we will try to break it down and… understand. “They think they’re taking away Donald Trump’s greatest tool, which is being able to go into an arena and fill it with 50,000 people every single time, right. […] So they will and you watch.

They’ll milk it every single day between now and November 3, and guess what? After November 3, coronavirus will magically all of a sudden go away and disappear and everybody will be able to reopen”. Well, if everything on this planet circulates around one person, then probably yes. States with Democratic governors are slowly reopening, after stay-at-home orders over the past few months, not to avoid a second surge in the coronavirus, but rather to keep President Donald Trump from holding campaign rallies. Is that what you mean Eric? 

Who wants and who doesn’t want gatherings?

Why have some states been so slow to fully reopen as the coronavirus continues to circulate in the country? The question itself sounds internally contradictory, but who cares at that point. Eric’s father, the current president of the United States, has been equally eager to gather crowds and hold campaign rallies: ‘It’s great for the country. It’s a great spirit. I hope we’re going to have rallied. I think they’re going to be bigger than ever’. If the President’s son’s direct suggestion that Democratic governors are keeping their states from fully reopening (in the times of coronavirus, let’s underline that) to stop his dad’s rallies wasn’t scandalous enough, there is more of it! 

A bit of magic

‘After November 3, coronavirus will magically, all of a sudden, go away and disappear and everybody will be able to reopen.’ – the second winning line goes like this. And this line wins the title, as it’s really a piece of art. What will happen exactly, Eric?   

Explanation

Let’s see what’s the problem. According to the author of the quote above, every governor of a state that is not fully reopened, is covering up the fact that coronavirus is, in fact, not all that bad, especially in their state. Why are they continuing to prohibit Donald to organize rallies, which he likes to hold so much? This is the reason – they want to stop him from doing it. 

Is coronavirus real?

In this optics, the guidance being offered by doctors, epidemiologists, and public health experts that we need to continue social distancing, mask-wearing and other measures proven to lessen the spread of the virus is all crap. According to Eric’s theory, if we go further, as we should because the word has been said,  the only reason these states aren’t opening is that their governors are out to get Trump.

Interweaved belief systems 

Well, it’s understandable that if your father repeats to you for your whole life that everything that happens in the world is somehow linked to him, you will believe him one day – whether you want it or not. Also, it has nothing at all to do with the coronavirus which will probably “magically all of a sudden go away and disappear” after Election Day. That’s even more strange if you recall that some time ago coronavirus existed for 100% and was a firm reason to boycott China.    

Self-doubt needed urgently  

Moreover, this isn’t some random Eric Trump surrogate on the local news making a wild accusation about governors hiding the truth about a global pandemic. This is the President’s son saying it on the flagship TV station across the country. Without any fact-checking or questioning himself. Does it remind us of anything? Here’s how the TV interlocutor responded to Eric Trump’s conspiracy theory: ‘I mean, it’s clearly – it’s no longer, you know, for a while it was about the science and the non-believers and all of that, but it’s right down the middle in terms of left and right.’ It looks like a case worth observing, preferably by doctors.

The U.S. ‘Darkest Winter’ If Coronavirus Rebounds – Let’s Face The Harshest Option

As the government whistleblower warns, this winter is going to be tough or, as he called it, ‘the darkest winter’. Rick Bright testified before the House Energy and Commerce Committee that as the virus spreads in the US the ‘window is closing to address this pandemic’. Immunologist Dr. Rick Bright made his sobering prediction in testimony prepared for his appearance on Thursday.

The U.S. ‘Darkest Winter' If Coronavirus Rebounds - Let’s Face The Harshest Option

The Bright’s case

The main idea behind Bright’s appeal was that Americans should brace themselves for the risk that they will suffer enormously if leadership’s decisions don’t change. The irreversible catastrophe is in arrival due to the ongoing federal government failures in addressing the coronavirus pandemic – a recently ousted public health official turned whistleblower warned the US Congress.

Bright alleges that he was ousted from his job after warning the Trump administration to prepare for the pandemic. A federal watchdog agency has found reasonable grounds that Bright was removed from his post as head of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority after sounding the alarm at the Department of Health and Human Services. Bright became a target of criticism when he urged early efforts to invest in vaccine development and stock up on supplies. 

Are there any hopes for the turnaround?

Moreover, leaders need to act decisively to prevent a rebound of the coronavirus. ’If we fail to develop a nationally coordinated response, based in science, I fear the pandemic will get far worse and be prolonged, causing unprecedented illness and fatalities’ – says the whistleblower. `Without clear planning and implementation of the steps that I and other experts have outlined, 2020 will be the darkest winter in modern history’, Bright believes.

By now, more than 84,000 people have died in the U.S., representing more than one-fourth of global deaths and being the world’s highest toll, according to figures compiled by Johns Hopkins University. In total, throughout the world, more than 4.3 million have been infected and about 298,000 have died. The US president has not only pushed inefficient hydroxychloroquine into common use as a COVID-19 cure but also publicly pondered the benefits of injecting disinfectants into patients, making a statement that was later on widely condemned as dangerous, by public health officials and bleach manufacturers.

Other forecasts

Earlier this week, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the government’s top infectious disease expert, expressed the issue similarly to Bright. A rushed lifting of store-closing and stay-at-home restrictions could ‘turn back the clock’, causing more suffering and death and complicating efforts to get the economy rolling again. Whereas Bright claims that ‘the undeniable fact is there will be a resurgence of COVID-19 this fall, greatly compounding the challenges of seasonal influenza and putting an unprecedented strain on our health care system’. Bright, who has a doctoral degree in immunology, outlined a path forward that would be based on science, while researchers work to develop better treatments and an effective vaccine.

What are the steps to take?

To efficiently overcome the hard times, it’s worth digging into the best and smartest solutions. Which? As Bright enumerates: First of all, establishing a national testing strategy. The White House has urged states to take the lead on testing, even as the federal government pushes to make more tests and better ones widely available. Next, doubling down on educating the public about basic safety measures (frequent hand-washing and wearing masks in public places).

Worth mentioning the ‘modeling behavior’, so leaders, do your thing (a subtle reference to a president who goes maskless each time)! The third task – ramping up production of essential equipment and supplies, from cotton swabs for testing to protective gear for health care workers and essential workers. And lastly, setting up a system to fairly distribute equipment and supplies that are scarce and highly sought. Eliminating state vs. state competition would increase efficiency and reduce costs. These are only simple Bright’s ideas, but to be sincere – do we have anyone smarter at the top of the ladder currently?

The President’s response

What the President has to say about it, as for 14th May? ‘I don’t know the so-called Whistleblower Rick Bright, never met him or even heard of him, but to me, he is a disgruntled employee, not liked or respected by people I spoke to and who, with his attitude, should no longer be working for our government!’. Fair enough.

Is Bill Gates Responsible for The Coronavirus Pandemic?

What do you get for trying to prepare people for an infectious coronavirus pandemic? Unfortunately, not only no acknowledgments but quite on the contrary – you end up being accused of causing it! Over the past decade, Bill Gates has been warning about the lack of preparation and systems in place to deal with infectious disease threats that could lead to a pandemic. Now, in the midst of it, he becomes a person to blame for the whole mess.

Is Bill Gates Responsible for The Coronavirus Pandemic?

What is the official line?

Five years ago, Bill Gates warned that the biggest potential killer the world faced wasn’t war, but a pandemic. The billionaire spent hundreds of millions of dollars to find faster ways to develop vaccines and create disease-tracking systems. He urged world leaders to build national defenses against new infectious diseases.

Gates, the billionaire Microsoft co-founder turned philanthropist, has spent much of the second act of his career initiating and supporting efforts to prevent and control infectious diseases via the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which has funded some of our PHICOR team’s computer modeling research efforts to improve product distribution and disease control. He pushed for more awareness, and even now, he stays repentant: “I feel terrible. – he claims – The whole point of talking about it was to take action and minimize the damage”.

Just another conspiracy theory?

It seems like every group with pre-existing conspiracy theories is now projecting them onto the Coronavirus crisis. Whether the anti-vaxxers or the anti-5G people, it’s quite likely that all of these groups have some belief that there is an underlying story they’re not being told. Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has been warning of a pandemic for years. No wonder, as he’s associated so strongly with the idea of “anti-virus vaccines”, that he’s currently carefully scrutinized by the public opinion on the subject. Let’s keep in mind that it’s the same Bill Gates, who has announced that his $40 billion-foundation will shift its total attention to fighting Coronavirus pandemic. How did we get there?

The theory

Some people on social media have been accusing Gates of starting the severe acute respiratory syndrome–coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV2). In April, dozens of Texans crowded around Infowars host Alex Jones at an anti-shutdown demonstration in Austin, Texas, chanting “arrest Bill Gates”. A New York-based, tech, nonprofit organization falsely rumored to be working with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

What is it said that they were doing together? It appears that they were trying to implant vaccine microchips in people. As a result, they’ve received so many death threats that they had to call the FBI. Moreover, a White House petition demanding the billionaire’s foundation be investigated for “medical malpractice and crimes against humanity” amassed half-a-million signatures in three weeks.

Movements in the US and Australia

Recently, anti-lockdown protests in Australia mimicked some of the conspiracy theories and language of similar protests in the United States. More than 100 people gathered outside parliament in Victoria, and a smaller crowd gathered in Sydney to protest the lockdowns, tracking apps and vaccines. One of the virulent conspiracy theories that appeared at the protest and in the groups is “Plandemic” – a video making claims about the origins of Covid-19. It has been viewed over 2.2m times. One claim, among others, is that Coronavirus is being spread to force vaccines on to the population as a form of control.

Hopes for the future

What are the views of the future? As Bill Gates points out in his article for the New England Journal of Medicine, primary health care systems, which can monitor disease patterns and act as an early warning system, also need to be strengthened. And the world should invest in disease surveillance, including a case database that is instantly accessible to relevant organizations. Gates claims that the pharmaceutical industry has never developed a new vaccine in less than five years. However, he’s hopeful that a COVID-19 vaccine will be widely available in about 18 months. We are waiting impatiently, and specialists do their best 24 hours a day, so let’s believe that the future is bright!

Critics Said the Flu Kills More Than Coronavirus. Why That’s Not a Fair Comparison — And Now, It’s Not Even True

At the very beginning of the pandemic, in search of tranquility, and in the atmosphere of arising panic, we used to hear from the media that the novel Coronavirus is nothing more than the seasonal flu. Some doctors on TV were convincingly telling us that since the lethality is low, there is nothing to worry about. Do they still believe it now, with more than 3 million people infected? Let’s look closer at the case. 

Critics Said the Flu Kills More Than Coronavirus. Why That's Not a Fair Comparison -- And Now, It's Not Even True

Protests dictated by the understandable fear for the collapsing economy

Since the flu kills more people than coronavirus, do we have to shut down the economy? These were the voices of protestants denouncing state shutdowns. Some protesters even claim that Covid-19 is a lie. Naturally, their anger and the sense of unfairness is understandable. We all suffer somehow because of the sudden spread of SARS-Cov-2. But is the flu and Coronavirus comparison still valid from any point of view?   

The real numbers and reasons to be worried

The sad truth is that the US death toll from COVID-19 this year has exceeded 62,000. It means that it surpassed the high-end estimate for flu deaths since October. The first reason for the COVID-19 supremacy over flu is its overwhelming speed of spread combined with the lethality level. Coronavirus kills at a much faster rate than the flu, and it’s much more contagious. Research shows that a person with the flu infects an average of about 1.28 other people, whereas an infected individual with novel coronavirus infects an average of about 2 to 3 other people. It looks as if the numbers didn’t change much, but after a few mathematical operations, it becomes clear that the differences between the number of infected people are crucially bigger when it comes to coronavirus eventually. 

Summer hope

We (scientists, basically) are still not sure whether the virus would dissipate in summer. Let’s notice that it kept spreading in the Southern Hemisphere during its summer months. What does it mean for us? Unfortunately, it suggests that warm weather won’t slow its spread, even if many of us are convinced that this is the case.

What about the rate of fatal cases? 

Coronavirus kills at a much faster rate. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention claims that from October 2019 to early April 2020, the flu killed an estimated 24,000 to 62,000 people in the US. If 62,000 people died from the flu in this period, that means the country had an average of about 331 flu deaths a day. Keep this number in mind. And now let’s pass to the Coronavirus cases count. According to data from Johns Hopkins University, it killed more than 62,850 people in the US from the first known death in February through the end of April. In short, it means that an average of more than 739 people died per day from coronavirus in the US was noted. The number of fatal cases is doubled when you compare the two diseases. 

The delayed appearance of symptoms 

Another essential threat is that Coronavirus can be spread for many days without symptoms. In the case of flu, the incubation period is relatively short – it typically takes one to four days after infection. Why is it so important? Because, when it comes to the flu, people who get sick will know it soon, and will likely stay home, avoiding contact with others and at the same time, saving them from infection. The incubation period with coronavirus is about three to 14 days.

Sometimes it can be even 21 days or a whole month! A person with COVID-19 may be contagious 48 to 72 hours before starting to experience symptoms, emerging research suggests. This strengthens the reason for wearing face masks, physical distancing, and contact tracing. All of them can help reduce the risk that someone who is infected but not yet contagious may unknowingly infect others. It’s easy to notice that it’s very simple for asymptomatic carriers to infect others.

The lack of vaccine

As we all know, you can get a flu vaccine but not a coronavirus vaccine. Flu deaths could be drastically reduced if more people got flu shots, but that’s not the case with COVID-19. It’ll be months before a coronavirus vaccine is developed and becomes publicly available. To sum up, the new Coronavirus is much more dangerous than the flu, and we do need extra precautions. 

New York Hospitals Are Studying a Common Heartburn Drug as Treatment for Covid-19

Coronavirus is spreading through the world, and the US is currently particularly touched by it. At what point are we know when it comes to treatment? Are there any new options after the recent revelations? Let’s see what the New York doctors’ idea is. 

New York Hospitals Are Studying a Common Heartburn Drug as Treatment for Covid-19

What’s the newest idea?

What happens in Vegas stays in Vegas, but what currently happens in New York, can be sent further, if only it became an effective cure for COVID-19. Hospitals in New York are giving heartburn medicine to coronavirus patients. They want to find out if it helps fight the virus. As dr. Kevin Tracey said on the 27th of April, preliminary results of the clinical trial of famotidine, the active ingredient in Pepcid, will come out in the next few weeks. He is a president of Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research at Northwell Health, which runs 23 hospitals in the New York City area. As for today, 187 patients have enrolled in the clinical trial. Eventually, they hope to enroll 1,200 people in the study.

Countless “what ifs”

What if famotidine cures the novel coronavirus? Well, it would be easy to use it on a widespread scale! It’s not only cheap but also accessible to everyone. What if it won’t work? A clinical trial is required to assess whether we may hope that this solution is a good one. It’s worth mentioning that patients in the hospital are getting hyper-doses intravenously, about nine times bigger than standard ones for heartburn. So if you have an idea to go to the drugstore and make your supplies for a DIY cure, don’t bother. It has to be done differently, and the doctor is needed.  

Where and when did it all start?

We are learning from the Chinese idea. Famotidine was taken under consideration after it had been noticed that some patients in China who had been taking it, fared better than others. Some people with lower incomes were surviving longer than their wealthier counterparts who also had heartburn. Economically challenged patients were taking famotidine, whereas the wealthier patients tended to take a more expensive drug. The famotidine study was first reported in Science Magazine. Florida-based Alchem Laboratories used a computer model to make a list of existing drugs that might fight coronavirus. Famotidine showed up near the top of the list. Its structure looks like it could stop the virus from replicating.

What about hydroxychloroquine?

Hydroxychloroquine is very popular among patients in Northwell. By now, it became standard treatment. The study on hydroxychloroquine started in early April, and all interested sides, i.e. doctors and patients, were insisting on using it. President Trump likes to call it a “game-changer” in the fight against the virus. Unfortunately, recent studies have suggested that it doesn’t help. People get to know from the media that hydroxychloroquine works for treating COVID-19. Then they are faced with the cruel reality of their close ones dying in hospitals, and they demand hydroxychloroquine. Even if the inconvenient truth says that it won’t help, they still need something to give them hope.  

Solution? Taking things slow

As hydroxychloroquine is still a drug used in hospitals, the following solution was introduced. Half of the patients in the study will be given famotidine in addition to hydroxychloroquine. The other half will be given intravenous saline as a placebo, which does not affect their health. However, it appears that hydroxychloroquine might not be used in future studies anymore.

Why? The US Food and Drug Administration warned against its use for coronavirus because of possible side effects. As history shows, the rush in introducing new treatments brings more harm than good. Doctors who count on famotidine don’t want that same rush that happened with hydroxychloroquine. The thing with the intravenous famotidine is that it’s unclear if it works, and if a rush starts on the market, hospitals may face shortages, highly inconvenient at this stage of the study. Not to mention, people will rush to stores to buy famotidine pills, mistakenly convinced it will help against coronavirus, leaving those with heartburn in the lurch.