Top 10 Harmful Effects of Steroids

Top 10 Harmful Effects of Steroids

Anabolic steroids or steroids are masculinizing hormones that are often used by athletes to increase muscle mass. These steroids has many longterm harmful affects on the athletes that use them regularly:

Harmful Effects of Steroids

1. Masculinization

This generally happens to females and is caused by increased testosterone. Male pattern baldness, increased facial hair, increased acne, growth of body hair, and changes in skin texture are the most harmful effects of steroids on females.

2. Feminization

Feminization can be noticed in men due to the conversion of excessive testosterone into female hormone estrogen. Masculinizing steroids are androgens and feminizing steroids are estrogens and progesterones. Formation of breasts, reduced sperm count, decreased libido, shrunken testes, soft mass muscle, and impotence can occur. These side effects can be treated by medication.

3. Cardiovascular

Steroids increase the bad cholesterol which in turn increases the entire cholesterol level of the body and this can lead to clogs in blood vessels. This makes you more susceptible to heart disease and strokes. Moreover, rapid increase in weight due to steroids is also accompanied by high blood pressure and together may leave users of steroids more vulnerable to a cardiovascular event. These effects can only be controlled to an extent if they are caught before the person has had a heart attack or a stroke.

4. Growth Defects

Premature closure of the growth rate is another common and harmful effect of using steroids in teens. High school athletes should be cautious as this may lead to stunted growth.

5. Kidney Problems

Stress is caused for the kidneys by the use of toxic products like steroids and this can lead to high blood pressure and imbalances in electrolytes. Increased swelling in the lower legs and ankles may indicate a kidney problem.