Candida albicans is the major culprit of fungal infections in patients living with diabetes. This is a yeast-like fungus that creates red itchy rashes surrounded by scales and tiny blisters. Fungal infections occur in moist skin folds. The most commonly affected areas include between toes and fingers, corners of the mouth, around the nails, under the foreskin of uncircumcised males, around groins, and armpits. The most common types of fungal infections include athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and vaginal infections that trigger itching.
Some diabetic patients normally experience localized itching. Common causes include dry skin, yeast infection, or poor flow of blood. Poor circulation of blood normally causes itchiness in the lower parts of the legs. You can reduce itchiness without seeking medical assistance. This can be achieved by limiting your bathing frequency, particularly in dry weather. Alternatively, you can use a mild soap and apply a moisturizer immediately after taking a shower.
Other Skin Conditions Linked To Diabetes
• Diabetic Dermopathy
Diabetic dermopathy usually occurs when the condition triggers changes in the small blood vessels. Dermopathy usually appears like light brown skin patches that are scaly. These patches can either be oval or circular in shape. It is easy to confuse these patches with age spots. Diabetic dermopathy mostly occurs on the front of both legs.
However, the effects of these patches may be more severe on one leg than on the other. These patches do not open up, hurt or irritate. This condition is harmless and doesn’t require any treatment unless if the patients are more conscious about their appearance.
• Acanthosis Nigricans
This is a condition that manifests as raised patches around the armpits, groin, and neck. They can either be brown or tan in appearance. In some cases, these patches can appear on the knees, elbows, or hands. Acanthosis nigricans usually occur in diabetic patients who are overweight or obese. The best way to deal with this condition is to shed extra pounds. The topical application of certain creams can also help diminish the appearance of these patches.